How to Deliver Khutbah

A. General

Al-khutab is the plural of Al-khutbah, which is a religious talk given on Friday just before performing Salat (prayer). It is considered very important to the extent that it is part of Salat. The daily noon prayers are composed of four cycles (Raka’at), but the Friday Salat is composed of two parts. It is explained that the khutbah is part of Salat, and hence the number of Rakaat on Friday Salat is reduced from four to two.

Since the Khutbah is part of Salat, and since it is given before Salat, Muslims are supposed to come to the Masjid before the Khateeb starts his khutbah.

B. Rules

The following is a partial list of recommendations concerning the rules and regulations of giving a khutbah.

1. The khutbah is composed of two consecutive speeches with a short break of Istighfar (asking Allah for His forgiveness).

2. The Khateeb goes up to the pulpit while still standing and greets the congregating Muslims by saying to them: “Assalamu ‘Alaikum”; and then he sits down.

3. The Mu’azzin recites the Adhan (call to prayer). It is the standard Adhan, except that it is given inside the Masjid and in front of the Khateeb, immediately after the Khateeb sits down on the pulpit.

4. The Khateeb should start the khutbah by saying Alhmdullah, as prophet Mohamed Peace be upon him never started his Khutba without saying Alhmdullah. then you should say the Shahada: Ashad Ala Elaha El’a Allah, wa Ashad An Mohamed Rasol Allah.; and then remind the people with the takwa of Allah S&T , you can simple say:

إن الحمد لله نحمده و نستعينه و نستغفره و نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا و من سيئات أعمالنا ,و أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له و أشهد أن محمد اً عبده و رسوله ، من يهده الله فلا مضل له و من يضلل فلا هادي له , { يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ }
5. After that the Khateeb should mention the title of his khutbah so that the Muslims will understand more about his talk.

6. The Khateeb should start his khutbah by quoting an Ayah from the Qur’an related to the subject of his talk. He should follow it with a Hadith from the Prophet about the subject he is going to talk about.

7. He should explain the subject through Qur’an, Hadith and Sirah.

8. It is recommended that the Khateeb should end his first khutbah with an Ayah and a Hadith. It is preferable that they be recited in their original Arabic texts.

9. Before he sits down, he should ask the congregating Muslims to ask Allah for forgiveness, guidance and mercy. He should ask forgiveness for himself, also. it is better to say أقول قولي هذا و أستغفر الله لي ولكم فاستغفروه, this to inform the people that the first khutba is finished and they should ask for forgiveness from Allah S&T.

10. After a few moments of pause, he stands up and starts the second khutbah.

11. The second khutbah should start with praise to Allah, followed by Salat and greeting unto the Prophet, his family, his companions and unto their followers, by saying:

“Alhamdu Lillahi Wassalatu ‘Ala Rasulillahi Wa ‘Ala Alihi Wa Sahbihi Wa Man Wala.”
12. It is preferable that the second khutbah be devoted to Du’a’ (supplications).

13. The best Du’a’ are those from the Qur’an as well as from the Prophet. (see samples under ‘Qur’anic Supplications’). The starting of the Du’a’ could begin as follows:

Allah (swt) said in the Qur’an, in Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates), the following:

إن الله وملائكته يصلون على النبي يا أيها الذين آمنوا صلوا عليه وسلموا تسليما

“Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O you who believe! Ask blessings on him, salute him with a worthy salutation.” (33:56)

The Khateeb is to continue to say the following:

“Allahuma Salla ‘Ala Muhammadin Wa ‘Ala Ali Muhammadin, Kama Sallaita ‘Ala Ibrahima Wa ‘Ala Ali Ibrahim, Allahuma Barik ‘Ala Muhammadin Wa ‘Ala Ali Muhammad, Kama Barakta ‘Ala Ibrahima Wa ‘Ala Ali Ibrahim. Fil ‘Alameena Inaka Hameedun Mujeed.”

“O Allah! Greet Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you greeted Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.” “O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.” “Indeed You are (Ya Allah) Ever-Praised and Ever-Exalted in the universe!”

14. The Khateeb should then recite several Du’a’.

15. After finishing reciting certain Du’a’, it is recommended that the Khateeb end the khutbah by saying:

إن لله يأمر بالعدل و الإحسان و إيتاء ذي القربى و ينهى عن الفحشاء و المنكر و البغي يعظكم لعلكم تذكرون

“Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and giving to kith and kin, and He forbids all indecent deeds, and evil and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.” (16:90)

16. The Khateeb should then instruct the Mu’azzin to give the Iqamah.

17. While facing kaabah, the Khateeb starts his Salat of two Rakaat Fard Salatul jumu’ah in a jama’ah.

18. The Salat is a regular one, except that the recitations of Qur’an are conducted vocally like those of Fajr, Maghrib and Isha’ prayers.

19. Muslims should leave the Masjid politely with solemnity and serenity. While leaving, they should get to know each other and improve their relationships.

General points:

1. The khutbah in Friday is a good chance to teach people. So this is a kind of Amana (big responsibility) to do it in a proper way.

2. The khutbah is somehow like giving presentation. You have to keep in your mind the respect in knowledge of the listeners. One strong communication is to keep looking at them and figuring out whatever you are enable to tell them what you want to say. When the listeners feel that you are talking to them directly, they will not feel lost.

3. Khutba is in somehow based about delivering your feeling. It is not a lecture you have to do. Not just a reading from the paper. The Jumma prayer is the only chance for many Muslims to come to the Masjid and listen to the religious talk. So try to increase their knowledge.

4. Try to choose topics that you can talk in it very easily and you are fully understand them. Do not go for topics complicated to be explained.

5. Try to choose a topic related to our life, big events happened in the Islamic countries and you think it will give benefits. In the case of special times like Ramadan, Hajj, 9th of Muharam and so on, it is better to remind about them.

6. Try to avoid topics in which have debated characters among the scholars. Especially when you have a discussion with some brothers about those topics and they having different point of view. The Jumma prayer is the place to make people come together and to be united.